Category Heart failure

Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS Typical symptoms: dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, fatigue, reduced exercise tolerance, ankle swelling Less typical symptoms: cough, abdominal distension, wheeze, abdominal bloating, early satiety, bendopnea More specific signs: elevated jugular venous pressure, positive abdominojugular reflux, S3 (gallop…

Heart failure

OVERVIEW Heart failure (HF) is a complex clinical syndrome characterized by dyspnea or exertional limitation due to impairment of ventricular filling or ejection of blood, or a combination of both Carries significant morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic heart…